Endometriosis is a medical condition affecting hundreds of thousands of ladies throughout the globe nowadays. It is a debilitating and frequently painful sickness that is frequently under diagnosed in girls who are in their reproductive age. Further compounding the situation, the disease has a common diagnosis period of about seven and a half years.
All these aspects make it more difficult for professionals to entirely set up the actual number of ladies struggling from endometriosis or, more importantly, diagnose it at its early stages. Estimates put forth by a global body show that 10 % of ladies globally have this condition.
Fertility specialist Dr Laura Melado, IVF Specialist, IVI Middle East Fertility Clinic, Abu Dhabi explains that endometriosis is a situation in which the cells in the lining of the uterus grow in different parts of the body, which includes ovaries, fallopian tubes, and different parts of the pelvic area, instead than its supposed place in the womb. These cells mimic the menstrual process in that they break down and bleed each and every month. But, in contrast to in a regular period, the blood doesn’t leave the body properly, till it ultimately turns into embedded in the organs of the pelvis. In the discipline of medicine, this situation is referred to as retrograde menstruation.
Retrograde menstruation is broadly used by physicians to give an explanation for why endometriosis happens, however it may be other factors. As such, Prof. Dr. Human Fatemi, Medical Director IVI Fertility Clinics stated, “there is no straight forward clarification of why endometriosis takes place in the first place. Genetics, along with a weak immune system, environmental factors, and metaplasia are amongst the various causes considered by the medical community”.
Menstrual pain is the most frequent symptom apart from pain in the abdomen, pelvis, or lower back; ache between the hips and the top of the legs; painful intercourse; and bleeding between periods. Gastrointestinal and urinary symptoms may show up as well if the endometrial tissue starts to occupy the intestine, the bladder, the rectum, or other structures. Some sufferers can also additionally experience chronic fatigue, soreness when going to the toilet, bleeding from the rectum, or coughing blood.
The signs and symptoms may differ for different women, with some not even experiencing any of the symptoms at all.
“Of all its impact, infertility continues to be the most serious. In fact, 30-50 percent of women unable to conceive suffer from this disease”, Prof. Dr. Fatemi added.
The problem in conception commonly takes place due the anatomical distortion and adhesions that result from the condition. These adhesions, relying on the severity, may even forestall the egg from moving towards the fallopian tube.
The chance of natural conception in spite of the endometriosis diagnosis depends on whether the disease is categorized as minimal, mild, moderate, or extreme based on the American Fertility Society Revised Classification of Endometriosis (AFS) score.
For female with severe cases, the possibility is substantially decreased because of a scar tissue that typically forms in this condition. Moreover, endometriosis additionally damages the fallopian tubes and ovaries sometimes.
Prof. Dr. Human Fatemi said that there is no acknowledged treatment for endometriosis to date. The available treatments of the disease, such as surgery, hormone medications, contraceptives, and anti-inflammatory painkillers are all meant to control the signs and symptoms only.
Women, however, have to keep in mind that getting pregnant is still not sure off the table, though, it would be challenging. Under the circumstances, it is usually best to discuss with to a fertility expert as quickly as possible. IVI Fertility recommends visiting a fertility expert to female who are in their 20s and 30s and are struggling from endometriosis, regardless if they are making an attempt to get pregnant or not.
“Consulting with a specialist empowers them by giving them insights into their capacity to conceive and the great cure options available if the pregnancy is certainly going to be challenging. In-vitro fertilization (IVF) and fertility preservation by egg freezing are part of the options”, similarly stated Prof. Dr. Fatemi.
Getting pregnant is quite convenient for some while for others, particularly those with health stipulations such as endometriosis, it is not usually straightforward. With the developments in Reproductive Medicine, many couples are still being given a chance to begin their parenthood journey no matter the challenges; and there lies the hope that having a child is still inside their grasp.
IVI Fertility is a leading institution of infertility remedies in the Middle East and has three clinics - Abu Dhabi, Dubai and Muscat. IVI has the best possible success rate in the vicinity of over 70% and hundreds of fertility experts with numerous years of international experience work collectively to provide success for couples.